Increase in tuberculosis cases in France?


Known since the 17th century, tuberculosis is still present today, although much less virulent. However, the number of tuberculosis cases in France might have increased in 2023.

Tuberculosis is an ๐ข๐ง๐Ÿ๐ž๐œ๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ฎ๐ฌ ๐๐ข๐ฌ๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐ž caused by an airborne bacterium (๐‘€๐‘ฆ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘๐‘Ž๐‘๐‘ก๐‘’๐‘Ÿ๐‘–๐‘ข๐‘š ๐‘ก๐‘ข๐‘๐‘’๐‘Ÿ๐‘๐‘ข๐‘™๐‘œ๐‘ ๐‘–๐‘  or ๐Š๐จ๐œ๐ก'๐ฌ ๐›๐š๐œ๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ฎ๐ฌ). Symptoms vary according to the site of infection, which is ๐ฆ๐จ๐ฌ๐ญ ๐จ๐Ÿ๐ญ๐ž๐ง ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฅ๐ฎ๐ง๐ ๐ฌ (70% of cases). However, it can also affect the kidneys, lymph nodes, and bones. The World Health Organization estimates that between 5% and 15% of healthy carriers will develop the disease during their lifetime.

Santรฉ publique France recently published an ๐ž๐ฉ๐ข๐๐ž๐ฆ๐ข๐จ๐ฅ๐จ๐ ๐ข๐œ๐š๐ฅ ๐›๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ž๐ญ๐ข๐ง indicating that the number of cases and in the reporting rate decreased during the COVID-19 year and the two following years (2020, 2021, and 2022). However, since 2023, the ๐ญ๐ซ๐ž๐ง๐ ๐ก๐š๐ฌ ๐›๐ž๐ž๐ง ๐ฎ๐ฉ๐ฐ๐š๐ซ๐๐ฌ, and is thought to be linked to a ๐œ๐š๐ญ๐œ๐ก-๐ฎ๐ฉ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ฎ๐ง๐๐ข๐š๐ ๐ง๐จ๐ฌ๐ž๐ ๐œ๐š๐ฌ๐ž๐ฌ during the first year of the pandemic and the lockdowns.

However, vigilance is still required. Indeed, despite highly recommended vaccination and treatment, tuberculosis was the ๐ฐ๐จ๐ซ๐ฅ๐'๐ฌ ๐ฅ๐ž๐š๐๐ข๐ง๐  ๐œ๐š๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ž ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐๐ž๐š๐ญ๐ก ๐›๐ฒ ๐ข๐ง๐Ÿ๐ž๐œ๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง, until the arrival of COVID-19.